There is overlap, but as a rule of thumb;
Bureaucrats/bureaucracies try to shut you down/up intellectually. They withhold information, give you too much of the stuff at the wrong time, or too much with not enough time to process it.
Politicians meanwhile (as in, simultaneously) try to mis-wire you emotionally. They hope to get you angry about the wrong things, infantilise you, get you to emote at the level they want you to (You can, if you want, call it “emote control”).
So, what is to be done?
Know their games. Role-play their games. Name their games. And if you can, change the rules of their games.